Fidel absent, Raul silent at Cuba's Revolution Day
By PAUL HAVEN
Associated Press Writer
SANTA CLARA, Cuba -- A B-team of socialist speakers spent Cuba's
Revolution Day bashing the United States for everything from its drug
consumption to the war in Iraq to its military support for Colombia,
portraying Washington as the great villain in world affairs.
But the day was more notable for who didn't address the crowd -
President Raul Castro never took the lectern, brother Fidel Castro was a
no-show and Venezuela's Hugo Chavez canceled his trip to Cuba
altogether. It was the first Revolution Day in memory in which neither
Castro spoke, leaving some in the crowd and on Cuba's streets
disappointed and perplexed. No reason was given.
The Castros often use July 26 - the most important date on Cuba's
calendar - to set the agenda for the coming year and announce major
changes. A spate of public appearances by the 83-year-old Fidel after
years of seclusion had fueled speculation he would be onstage with his
younger brother and possibly even address his compatriots.
That neither man spoke was a surprise, particularly since Cubans have
much they are waiting to hear from their leaders, together in power for
more than half a century.
The country is in the grips of a painful economic downturn, and there
have been increasing warnings from intellectuals that corruption is
eating away at the revolution's foundations. Raul Castro has made
halting efforts to open the economy, while exhorting Cubans to work
harder and stop depending on the state for everything.
The government is also in the midst of fulfilling a pledge to release 52
political prisoners jailed since 2003, a major concession that has some
hoping more change might be on the way. But none of the speakers brought
up the dissidents on Monday, in keeping with the government's position
that they are mercenaries and common criminals not worthy of mention.
Tens of thousands of people filled the plaza in the central city of
Santa Clara in front of a huge bronze statue of gun-toting revolutionary
Ernesto "Che" Guevara. Many in the crowd wore red T-shirts bearing his
likeness or other homages to the revolution.
They got speeches by local party bosses interspersed with music, poetry
readings and chants of "Long live the Revolution!"
Vice President Jose Ramon Machado Ventura gave the main speech, saying
Cuba must tighten its belt and make changes to the closed economy - but
will not be pushed to move too quickly.
"Savings, reduction of costs and the maximum rationing of energy and
resources are our urgent needs in all areas," he said, adding that the
country is taking a step-by-step approach to transforming its economy.
"We will never accept outside pressure."
While neither of the Castros played much part in Monday's event, both
made separate appearances elsewhere later in the day. Fidel kept up a
string of impromptu stop-ins by laying a wreath at a memorial to Cuban
independence hero Jose Marti at Havana's Revolution Plaza and later met
with Cuban artists and intellectuals. Raul appeared on Venezuelan and
Cuban television discussing new economic ties with Venezuela and saying
Cuba stands with its ally in its dispute with Colombia.
As in a weekend appearance, Fidel wore an olive-green shirt that was
reminiscent of the military uniform he was once famous for. At Santa
Clara, Machado hailed the reemergence of Fidel as giving his countrymen
"The visible recovery of our commander in chief is a point of pride and
makes all revolutionaries happy today," he said.
Machado and others decried Washington's 48-year-old trade embargo
against Cuba and accused the United States of imperialist intentions in
Latin America and the world.
Venezuela's Chavez was scheduled to attend as a guest of honor, but
canceled at the last minute due to a diplomatic conflict with
neighboring Colombia. In his place he sent Energy Minister Ali
Rodriguez, who blamed the United States for the confrontation between
Caracas and Bogota.
Chavez cut off diplomatic relations with Colombia after outgoing
President Alvaro Uribe's government presented photos, videos and maps of
what it said were Colombian rebel camps inside Venezuela. Chavez called
it an attempt to smear his government and said Uribe could be trying to
lay the groundwork for an armed conflict.
In his speech Monday, Rodriguez also spoke of drug problems among
America's youth, the global economic meltdown, the war in Iraq, U.S.
support for Israel and American military backing for Colombia.
"There is a crisis in global capitalism, and when these systems are in
crisis they start to generate violence," Rodriguez said.
Cubans said they were disappointed that the Castros didn't speak - Raul
limited himself to awarding plaques and flags to local officials and
politely clapping as others took to the stage. Nobody could remember a
past Revolution Day where neither man took the podium.
"It is unbelievable ... something out of science fiction. They left
everyone in the lurch," said Juana Perez, a 58-year-old retiree reading
a newspaper in a park in Old Havana.
She added, however, that she had little hope either man would have
offered a solution to the country's woes. "After 50 years, most people
couldn't care less" what they have to say."
Even in the crowd in Santa Clara, made up of partisans hand-picked for
the occasion, some said they were surprised.
"Yes, I would have liked it if he (Fidel) were present, or to have heard
Raul speak," said Maria Teresa Tapans. "But the people are still with them."
Revolution Day commemorates July 26, 1953, when the Castros led an
attack on the Moncada army barracks in the eastern city of Santiago and
a smaller military outpost in the nearby Bayamo. The operation failed
spectacularly, but Cubans consider it the beginning of the revolution
that culminated with dictator Fulgencio Batista's ouster on New Year's