U.S. defends $3.4M grant to Cuba program
A grant to a Miami nonprofit that supports democracy in Cuba ignited
critics who argue the money was given to reward Obama's cronies.
By Juan O. Tamayo
The U.S. Agency for International Development is strongly rejecting
complaints of political favoritism in its grant of $3.4 million to a
human rights group closely linked to the Cuban American National Foundation.
USAID this summer approved the three-year grant to the Foundation for
Human Rights in Cuba (FHRC), a Miami nonprofit created by CANF members,
to help support civil society and democracy on the communist-ruled island.
News of the grant drew complaints from critics who allege that FHRC has
little experience with such grants and point to the warm relations
between CANF, the premier exile organization, and the Obama administration.
South Florida Republican Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart complained last week
that U.S. funds for democracy programs in Cuba "should be provided only
to organizations with strong experience and proven track records" on the
"It would be a disgrace if the Obama administration broke with tradition
and used a penny of that critical funding to reward political cronies,"
Diaz Balart added in a statement emailed.
Mark Lopes, USAID Deputy Assistant Administrator for Latin America and
the Caribbean and a former aide to Sen. Bob Menendez, D-N.J., said a
"technical evaluation committee" made up of officials from government
agencies is in charge of reviewing grant applications and selecting winners.
"The criteria for competing for USAID funds is included in the grant
application … This is a technical process based on the merits of the
proposals submitted," Lopes added. "No political appointee had any role
in the selection process."
Washington's Cuba democracy programs have been criticized as inefficient
and that they only provoke Havana authorities, who outlawed any
cooperation and view the programs as "subversive" attempts for "regime
USAID subcontractor Alan Gross is serving a 15-year prison sentence in
Havana on charges of undermining the island's national security by
providing a satellite telephone to Cuban Jews so they could connect to
the Internet more easily.
CANF members established the FHRC in 1992 to receive tax-deductible
donations for its work with dissidents and human rights activists. It
shares CANF's street address and phone number, and its president, Tony
Costa, sits on CANF's board of directors.
Several hard-line members split from CANF after founder Jorge Mas Canosa
died in 1997. They founded the Cuban Liberty Council. The council backed
Sen. John McCain in the 2008 elections, and CANF leaders now have the
ear of the Obama administration.
The FHRC grant appeared to be particularly annoying to critics because a
CANF report in 2008 criticized the Cuba democracy programs, and because
it came at a time when the U.S. government was cutting funding to other
exile groups in Miami.
The CANF report alleged that less than 17 percent of the $65 million
that Washington spent on Cuba programs between 1998 and 2008 went to
"direct, on-island assistance." The rest, it claimed, was spent in the
United States on salaries, other expenses and academic studies.
FHRC executive director Jorge Alvarez said USAID "has emphasized to all
partners that most of the funds should be spent on the island, and we
will follow that guidance." He declined any other comment, citing FHRC
policy on U.S. grants.