Posted on Sunday, 09.22.13
CUBA | BROTHERS TO THE RESCUE
17 years after Cuba shootdown, Miami man seeks justice for brother
BY JUAN O. TAMAYO
Seventeen years after Cuban MiG warplanes killed his brother and three
other South Florida men, Nelson Morales says he still wants to punish
the two people responsible.
"We are still searching for justice, to prosecute the two principal
murderers, Fidel Castro and Raúl Castro," said Morales, whose brother
Pablo died in the shootdown of two unarmed Brothers to the Rescue airplanes.
So the Miami maintenance worker has filed a legal demand that U.S.
federal prosecutors submit evidence to a special grand jury in South
Florida showing the Castro brothers' guilt in the 1996 shootdown.
"I don't know why they haven't done this before. I can't speculate. But
it is the right thing to do. Let the grand jury decide whether to indict
the Castros," said lawyer Juan Zorrilla, who is handling the Morales suit.
Zorrilla filed the "writ of mandamus" — a request that a court compel a
government entity to take action on a public issue — on July 1 demanding
that the U.S. attorney's office in Miami submit evidence "implicating
Fidel and Raúl Castro in the murders."
Prosecutors also should inform the special grand jury that it can pursue
an investigation on its own, force the U.S. attorney's office to produce
evidence implicating the Castros and request that federal charges be
filed against the brothers, the complaint added.
Assistant U.S. attorney Eduardo I. Sanchez filed a reply last week
asking U.S. District Court Judge Federico Moreno to throw out the demand
because Morales does not have the legal standing to file such a complaint.
Morales' complaint also failed to prove that he was personally harmed by
his brother's death, and showed that he had not exhausted all of the
legal avenues available to him for seeking redress, Sanchez added.
Moreno has not ruled.
Pablo Morales, Carlos Costa, Armando Alejandre and Mario de la Peña were
killed Feb. 24, 1996, when Cuban MiG fighters shot down two
single-engine Brothers to the Rescue (BTTR) airplanes. Their bodies were
"They killed him. They assassinated him. They pulverized him," Nelson
Cuba had complained that BTTR airplanes had dropped anti-Castro leaflets
over Havana earlier in 1996, and that the two airplanes were shot down
in Cuban airspace. An investigation by the U.N.'s aviation branch
concluded that the planes were shot down far out in international
airspace and in violation of established procedures.
Federal prosecutors in Miami filed murder charges in August of 2003
against Gen. Ruben Martinez Puente, who was head of Cuba's air defense
in 1996, and brothers Lorenzo Alberto and Francisco Pérez Pérez, the
pilots of the two MiGs. But they did not indict either of the Castro
Zorrilla said he has been working for several years on the mandamus
demand with the backing of the Juridical Rescue Foundation headed by
Santiago Alvarez, a Miami developer and anti-Castro activist jailed for
30 months on an illegal weapons charge.
Former U.S. Attorney Kendall B. Coffey first urged the federal
prosecutors to submit the evidence against the Castro brothers to a
grand jury about five years ago, Alvarez said.
"They said, 'We'll get back to you,' and they never did. We realized
that the government was never going to facilitate this," Alvarez said,
adding that there should be some legal way to seek redress. "If not,
this will be a very large stain on American justice."
Zorrilla said the toughest part of the demand was that it could be filed
only when a special federal grand jury, which usually investigates
public integrity and national security cases, was active. But the very
existence of grand juries is usually secret.
He eventually figured out that no such grand jury was active in South
Florida, he added, although U.S. law requires that one always be
impaneled in any court district of more than 4 million people. South
Florida's district has 6.3 million people.
On May 10 of this year, a special grand jury was created in the South
Florida district, Zorrilla wrote in the demand. Seven weeks later, he
filed the writ of mandamus on behalf of Nelson Morales.
Pablo Morales was 29 years old, trained as a cartographer in Cuba but
working as a carpenter and delivery-truck driver in Miami, when he
volunteered to join BTTR flights designed to spot rafters in the Straits
of Florida and assist them if needed.
Nelson Morales, now 66, and their mother, Eva Barbas Arango, came to
Miami from Havana soon after the 1996 shootdown on special humanitarian
visas issued by the Clinton administration. Barbas died earlier this
month at the age of 88.
The families of the three other victims sued Cuba and received $93
million in compensation, but the Morales family could not join that
lawsuit because Pablo was not a U.S. citizen.
It rejected an offer of $3 million from the settlement, saying the
family wanted only justice.
Fidel Castro declared that he took "responsibility for what took place"
in a March 1996 interview with Time magazine. He surrendered power to
his brother Raúl, who had been minister of defense since the early
1960s, after emergency surgery in 2006.
Raúl Castro is heard detailing how he planned and ordered the operation
to shoot down the BTTR airplanes in a voice recording made public in
2006 by El Nuevo Herald.
The 11-minute, 32-second recording was reportedly made as Raúl Castro
spoke off the record to journalists from the state-controlled Radio
Rebelde on June 21, 1996, in the northeastern city of Holguín.
After El Nuevo published the recording, the families of the BTTR victims
that sued Cuba said they had turned over the same recording to the FBI
four years earlier — along with a 400-page archive on the shootdown that
repeatedly mentioned the recording — as part of their own push for an
indictment of Fidel and Raúl Castro.
An FBI spokesperson said the bureau never received the recording,
according to an El Nuevo Herald report at the time.
"Although they claimed responsibility over 17 years ago for ordering the
murders of the four BTTR men, Fidel Castro and Raúl Castro have never
been indicted or otherwise held accountable in a U.S. federal court for
those crimes," Nelson Morales' complaint said.
Source: "17 years after Cuba shootdown, Miami man seeks justice for
brother - Cuba - MiamiHerald.com" -