Cuban Dissident Famous For His Hunger Strikes Tours The U.S.
By Elizabeth Llorente
Published June 24, 2013 Fox News Latino
Guillermo Fariñas was doing what he has done for years — denouncing the
communist regime of Cuba's Castro brothers, and spreading the word about
how opponents to the brothers are persecuted.
Only this time, the 51-year-old dissident was speaking his mind outside
Cuba, in a Fox News television studio in Manhattan, N.Y.
Fariñas is one of several high-profile Cuban dissidents and former
political prisoners who received rare permission this year to leave the
island and travel abroad.
The permission for Fariñas' trip came after many years of denials of his
requests to travel outside Cuba, usually to pick up international human
Fariñas is best known for waging hunger strikes in his fight for liberty
Over the past few years, hunger strikes have become an
anti-establishment tactic that has been used frequently in Cuba, above
all after cases like that of Fariñas, who holds the record with more
than 24 hunger strikes.
Some of his hunger strikes have lasted for so long – 134 days, for
example – that his condition has turned grave at times, even causing a
potentially a fatal blood clot in his neck at one point.
Why does he do it?
"You have to keep fighting," he told Fox News Latino in an interview
Friday. "Someone has to fight this struggle to free Cuba. The love for
my country is what keeps me going."
Cuban government security forces have pressured Fariñas to tone down his
opposition to the regime. They have threatened him, and thrown him in
jail three times.
The first time, in the mid-1990s, he was in jail for almost two years.
The second time it was three years, and the third time it was seven years.
"They were more aggressive when no one really knew me outside Cuba,"
said Fariñas, a soft-spoken, tall, lanky man who is a trained
psychologist and freelance journalist. "Now it's more restrained, but
still persistent and very concerted. They're just more careful about not
beating or doing anything too overt because there's more international
awareness about me now, so they know that anything they do will become
known outside Cuba."
Still, like other vocal dissidents, Fariñas concedes he is not immune to
feeling afraid of the regime.
"I'll be honest, I am afraid often," he said, "but I overcome it. The
government has to know by now that what it does to me, I have
countermeasures to fight them. If they push too hard, I will go on a
hunger strike. It's my way of fighting them, in the hope that they'll
reconsider what they're doing to me or other opponents."
On Jan. 14 a new law took effect scrapping the permit known as the
"white card," which Cuba routinely denied to those it considers
"counterrevolutionaries" working for foreign interests and bent on
undermining the communist government.
That is what paved the way for dissidents like Fariñas and Cuban blogger
Yoani Sanchez, denounced by the regime as traitors to the Cuban
revolution, to be able to leave the island to visit other nations.
Sanchez came to the U.S. in February and went back to Cuba after four
months, and Fariñas said he will return home in July.
He said he has no intentions of trying to stay in the United States.
"Cuba does not belong to Fidel or Raúl, it belongs to all Cubans of all
different viewpoints," he said. "I am Cuban and I have a right to live
there, in freedom."
He favors the embargo, because he said that to lift it would be to
"provide oxygen to the regime."
"The U.S. must not lift the embargo in the absence of any real move by
the Cuban government to make democratic reforms," he said.
Like other dissidents who have been in the United States on travel
visas, Fariñas said the fact that he and other government critics have
had the rare chance to leave Cuba this year should be interpreted as a
new openness by the regime of Raul Castro.
"The Cuban government does these things to make it seem like it's
softening," he said, "so that the European Union and the United States
can extend it [financial] credit."
One of the highlights of his travels in the United States has been to
meet Cuban exiles for the first time.
"I'd only spoken to them on the telephone," he said. "While I've opted
to stay in Cuba and fight for liberty there, I do not fault the fellow
Cubans who came here and stayed here. They are in the world superpower,
they have succeeded, they have all they need, all the comforts, and yet
they continue to fight for liberty in Cuba, they do not forget their
"And I am so heartened and proud to see that they are passing on their
love of Cuba and devotion to seeing it free to the younger generation of
Elizabeth Llorente can be reached email@example.com
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