Posted on Saturday, 09.13.14
Andres Oppenheimer: Obama should go to summit - and challenge Cuba
BY ANDRES OPPENHEIMER
President Barack Obama's biggest upcoming diplomatic challenge in Latin
America will be whether to attend the 34-country Summit of the Americas
alongside Cuban leader Raúl Castro, who has been invited by the host
country — Panama — over U.S. objections. I think Obama should go, and do
something really bold there.
Before we get into what exactly Obama should do, let's recall that the
United States opposes Cuba's participation at this meeting because the
2001 Summit of the Americas in Quebec agreed by consensus that "strict
respect for the democratic system" is an "essential condition of our
presence at this and future summits."
But Panama, which will host the summit in April 2015, has said it will
invite Cuba at the request of all other Latin American countries, which
voted at a recent Organization of American States (OAS) General Assembly
to demand Cuba's presence without preconditions at the 2015 Summit.
Venezuela and several other countries have already said that they will
not attend if Cuba is not present.
The U.S.-sponsored Summits of the Americas, which are held every three
or four years, are the only such meetings in which U.S. presidents meet
with all Latin American leaders and try to set a common agenda. In
recent years, Brazil and Venezuela have created other regional
institutions — such as UNASUR and Celac — that exclude the United
States, and thus leave Washington out of regional summits.
So Obama faces a tough choice: if he shows up at the meeting alongside
Castro, critics on the right in Washington will accuse him of
"unilateral surrender" to Cuban-Venezuelan diplomacy. They will say that
Obama abdicated the U.S. defense of democratic values in the region.
On the other hand, if Obama doesn't go to Panama, other critics will
accuse him of effectively killing the last diplomatic arena in which the
United States has some leverage in Latin America.
Richard Feinberg, a former Clinton White House official who was a key
architect of the first Summit of the Americas held in Miami in 1994,
told me that "If President Obama does not attend the Panama summit and
sends a stand-in, even if it's Vice President Joe Biden, that's the
collapse of inter-American summits, and yielding the playing field to
the Cubans, Venezuelans and Brazilians."
When I asked U.S. officials what the Obama administration plans to do,
State Department spokeswoman Angela Cervetti told me that "the United
States respects that Panama is the host of the next Summit, and the
issue of which countries it invites is one for the Panamanian government
But she immediately added that the 2001 Summit in Quebec agreed that
only democratic nations should attend, and that "we should not undermine
Summit commitments previously made, but instead should encourage
democratic change in Cuba." My translation: The administration has not
yet decided what to do.
What are Obama's options? If he decides not to go to Panama out of
principle, or in order not to enrage Cuban-American voters in Florida
and New Jersey ahead of the 2016 elections, he could send Biden. Problem
is, Biden may be running for president, and he will be the last one to
want to be photographed alongside Castro before the elections.
Another option for Obama would be trying to set conditions for Cuba's
participation, such as that the island make some gesture toward a
political opening. But that won't fly either, because Latin American
countries agreed at the recent OAS meeting that Cuba should be invited
without any strings attached.
Lastly, Obama could accept Cuba's participation at the Summit as an
"observer country," arguing that China and Russia are already OAS
observer countries, and Cuba's addition wouldn't amount to a big deal.
But, again, Latin American countries demand that Cuba be invited as a
full member, arguing that a 2009 vote at the OAS cleared the way for
Cuba's return to the inter-American diplomatic community.
My opinion: Obama should put in motion some creative diplomacy. He
should attend the summit, and cede half of the time at his opening
speech to a prominent Cuban dissident — someone like Cuban blogger Yoani
Sanchez — to steal the show from Cuba's aging military dictator.
The Cuban speaker would have an unparalleled public podium to tell the
world about the government repression and poverty that the Cuban people
have been suffering for the past five decades. That way, Obama could
save the summit, argue that he is entitled to use his speaking time as
he wishes, and defend the principle of democracy in the region.
Source: Andres Oppenheimer: Obama should go to summit - and challenge
Cuba - Andres Oppenheimer - MiamiHerald.com -