From John Paul II to Francis: Opening and Reconciliation, the Path
Towards Change (II) / Somos+, Carlos Hernandez
Posted on August 19, 2015
Somos+, 10 August 2105 — Between March 26th and 28th , 2012, His
Holiness Benedict XVI, today Pope Emeritus of the Roman Catholic Church,
conducted a very intensive visit to Cuba as a "Pilgrim of Charity". In
his farewell speech in a ceremonial hall at the José Martí International
Airport in Havana he expressed:
"The present hour claims in such an urgent way that in human, national
and international coexistence, immovable positions and unilateral
viewpoints, which tend to make understanding more difficult and
collaborative effort ineffective, should be cast out. Possible
discrepancies and difficulties have to be solved by looking tirelessly
for what unites everyone, with patient and sincere dialogue, mutual
understanding and a loyal willingness to listen, that accepts goals
filled with new hope."
The words of the Holy Father, connected in the same line to the ones of
his predecessor, re-evoke the patient and true dialogue, in order for
reality to change and with it the life of the Cuban nation.
As a result of this trip the commemoration of Good Friday as a holiday
was legally stablished by the government.The Catholic Church also
mediated for the release of almost all political prisoners convicted
from the Black Spring, although this process had already begun months
earlier when preparations for the Pope's visit to Cuba were initiated,
involving the unprecedented dialogue between the Church and General Raul
Castro, after he assumed the presidency of the State Council of the
Progress was also made on the construction of the Seminary of San Carlos
and San Ambrosio in Havana, the first ever approved to be built after
the dictatorship was installed in power. A process of returning
properties previously expropriated from the Catholic Church and other
religious confessions started as well. The Church was allowed to start
training people on different issues like economics, business
administration and many other aspects.
If we value all these events with a pragmatic perspective, we can see
how they have created different scenarios of dialogue and concessions
from the government, in this case with the Catholic Church or through it.
However it is true that it didn't happen with the speed and depth
desired and needed. The General and his subordinates know that they
don't have much time, they don't have the messianic mysticism of the
bearded commander and because of their age, the situation does not grant
them much time to maneuver. Of course no change glimpsed by them would
be for an opening towards the Rule of Law, democratic and inclusive we
aspire to. But they had never before been in such a vulnerable position.
At the same time some questions arise: Why has the dictator has not held
a dialog with the opposition? Why did he do so with the Catholic Church
and not the opposition? Is it realistic to expect an opening from the
regime to democracy, dialogue and national reconciliation through
First we must remember that for the communist hierarchy and its
political-military machinery, the Catholic Church has always been
considered a powerful adversary, part of the "counterrevolutionary
worms" that had to be crushed, suppressed and exterminated.
Then, by starting a dialogue with representatives of the Church, they
have begun the dialogue with a section of the opposition. It's true they
have not spoken to political parties or social movements of the rest of
civil society, or the exile.
But it would be unwise and even little serious to ignore the church as
an institution that brings together many Cubans and has never been
aligned with the government, but rather repressed, silenced, exiled,
slandered and discredited by Castro's propaganda and all its
The Church's social doctrine does not encourage violence and demands –
in its coherent dialogue — a series of well-defined objectives that are
supported by the hundreds of thousands of the Cuban Catholics it represents.
The opposition, which grows tinged by different political parties or
social movements, has no doctrine or alternative program that most
people are familiar with or that a large majority of the people assume
with full identity.
Let's recall the Varela project and also take that example. After the
thousands of signatures submitted to the National Assembly, the emeritus
tyrant called a referendum to further radicalize the constitution of the
Republic, knowing that the sympathy that project had aroused in the
population was real and although it was not a large percentage of the
citizens who signed it, there were indeed millions who watched that
project with total support. Unfortunately, the political circumstances
at the time were not those of today.
We must analyze whether the demands of opposition groups match the ones
of the majority of Cuban citizens, if there is harmony between what the
parties consider important and what people regard as important.
Meanwhile, the General continues to dialogue with the "empire."
Embassies got opened, tourists come over, there is a galloping increase
of commercial contracts, dollars get multiplied and gross domestic
product grows. Many other changes will be introduced by the dictatorship.
It is up to our intelligence and wisdom whether Cuba opens up to Cubans
in peace with all its magnificent potential, or instead, we give them
once again another chance without having to respond to popular
discontent and to their discredit act against a Cuba for all Cubans. The
dismantling of the regime and the reconstruction of the nation can only
be achieved by non-violent means. That is the only field of operations
for which they are not prepared.
Another Catholic Pope, Francis, through whom the opening dialogue has
been materialized with our new "fellows of the Turbulent North and no
longer brutal" comes to Cuba. His message this time is as a "missionary
of Mercy". We'll listen to the bishop of Rome speaking – in perfect
Spanish — to the people about reconciliation, forgiveness, peaceful
coexistence, and respect for the ideas of all…
And I do not rule out a more bold statement considering his performance
in previous visits to different countries since he began his
pontificate. This is not about putting our hopes on the Pope, but the
opportunity for the people to hear and comprehend what that message means.
SOMOS+ (#WeAreMore) the citizens that every day long for a change.
Blessed be the one who comes in the name of the Lord.
Source: From John Paul II to Francis: Opening and Reconciliation, the
Path Towards Change (II) / Somos+, Carlos Hernandez | Translating Cuba -