Laritza Diversent, Translator: Unstated
Some 6.97 percent of Cubans expressed their views about the Party
Guidelines, but in the legal process of implementing them, it is not
expected that the assembly will consult the people through a referendum.
In the midst of a crisis and the collapse of the economic system, Cuban
communists decided to undertake reforms to "guarantee the continuation
and irreversibility of socialism." In the debates the term "human
rights" was missing. Is is that Cubans are not interested in living in
In reality, they couldn't include the islanders in these reforms, issues
like freedom of association, the right to leave or enter Cuba, or the
economic initiative on equal terms with the State. The Party says what
will be reformed and how. It also sends their decisions to the National
Assembly to be transformed into law.
In a report released for sale on the island in the second week of May,
the Cuban Communist Party presented the results of the debates with
regards to the 219 proposed political, economic and social guidelines,
which were later expanded to 313, to be discussed "by all the people."
The 1,000 delegates to the Communist Congress, who represent
approximately 0.009% of the population, approved the reforms. However,
their principle leaders are also those with the highest positions in the
government and the state and also occupy seats in parliament. There is
no doubt that their decisions have the force of law. A tremendous
demonstration of unity and concentration of power.
The Communist Party is the only party recognized by the system. It does
not submit itself to elections, but constitutionally it is recognized as
the leading force of the state. With its 800,000 members, which
represents 7.14% of Cubans, they have more decision-making power than
the National Assembly, the organ that represents and expresses the will
of 11.2 million inhabitants.
According to data provided in its, the Cuban Communist Party has
consulted more than 8 million Cubans, approximately 79.6% of the total
population of the island. Some 33.9% of the participants raised their
hands, gave their names and surnames, to participate in the discussions
in "meetings of their base organizations, workplaces, or schools and
In practical terms that means that some 26.9% of Cubans spoke. However,
only 781,644 spoke up, representing 25.8% of those who attended, or
8.76% of the attendees, and 6.97% of all Cubans. A true lesson in
With the first parliamentary session of this year, the third phase of
the reform process will continue, "the institutionalization." In a
strict and practical sense, it will be institutionalized without first
legally implementing the approved guidelines, or the National Assembly
conducting a referendum.
The question is if parliament considers it necessary to conduct a
referendum, after the Communist Party's "popular consultation." So far
there has been no statement of their intention. Everything seems to
indicate the answer is no.
June 12 2011