Posted on Tuesday, 05.21.13
Damas de Blanco are true heroes
By Fabiola Santiago
Whether in the streets of Cuba, at international forums — or now in
Miami before they return to the island — these brave women are a
peaceful but powerful force to behold.
Las Damas de Blanco.
Ten long years ago they came together after the government crackdown on
dissidents and independent journalists known as Black Spring, when 74
men and one woman were thrown in prison and handed long sentences.
The men were their husbands, fathers, sons and brothers. The Ladies in
White became their voices on the outside.
To this day, despite beatings and detentions, in Havana and eastern
Santiago de Cuba, they silently march together to church on Sundays
wearing white and carrying gladioli to call the world's attention to the
regime's repression and abuses.
"The love of family," the women say, united them and fueled a movement
that despite the increasing repression, the brutal beatings by police
and paramilitary thugs, the suspicious death of their founder, Laura
Pollán, and the incarceration of members, is growing.
In temporary freedom in Miami — where as Belkis Cantillo, leader in
Santiago de Cuba puts it, "we feel at home" — they tell their story with
simple but effective words.
The Cuban regime's brutes — grown men with closed fists — beat them and
drag them from the street into buses to keep them away from public view.
One of those men who hit and dragged her into a bus was a 26-year-old
Cantillo told him: "You really don't want to hit us, but you're doing it
for the jaba,'' the bag of needed supplies with which the government
He lowered his head, Cantillo says.
Later, Norberto asked one of the two nurses the Cuban government has on
hand — to make sure the women don't die from a public beating — how
Cantillo was feeling.
Cantillo told him: "Isn't the real question here, how hungry are you?"
And so, the Damas carry on their work, spreading their message of
peaceful change toward freedom and democracy.
Cantillo shared the stage Monday at the landmark Freedom Tower with
María Labrado Pollán, daughter of the late founder of Las Damas de
Blanco, and with Berta Soler, the group's current leader.
"Guardians of freedom," Miami Dade College President Eduardo Padrón
Theirs are no small acts of heroism. Not when you consider that one of
their members, Sonia Garro, has been imprisoned by the Cuban government
since March 18, 2012. More than a year later, she hasn't been charged,
nor has there been a trial.
What was her crime? Expressing her desire for an audience with Pope
Benedict XVI, who made time to see both the Castro brothers but had no
time for the church-going Ladies in White.
Garro and her husband, Ramón Muñoz González, were arrested as part of a
massive sweep to keep dissidents away from the events surrounding the
pope's trip to Cuba.
Human rights organizations have denounced that police raided her home,
shot her with rubber bullets and took her away to Manto Negro women's
prison, where she is being held with criminal and insane inmates. Her
husband was sent to Combinado del Este, where he also remains without
charges or trial.
Despite the lack of intervention on their behalf by Cardinal Jaime
Ortega, these women express nothing but love of God and church, and
mention generous parish priests who support them.
"We love Christ and we're not going to fight with the church," Soler says.
Theirs are no small acts of heroism when one takes into account that
Laura Pollán was taken to the hospital by Soler to be treated for
shortness of breath and a diabetic imbalance — and Pollán never made it
Labrado says that she was so sure her mother was going to recuperate
that, when the hospital called and asked her to come, she took the time
to make cafecito to share with the people who had been there all night.
"They thought that, without Laura, Las Damas were going to dissolve, to
disappear, but instead we're growing and will continue to grow," Labrado
says. "Laura Pollán lives through us, and we're not afraid because the
freedom of Cuba is worth it."
When the history of 21st century women's movements is written, Las Damas
de Blanco will merit an extensive chapter.
As they begin the return to their homeland, they deserve the world's
vigilance, support, and protection.
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