Smuggling Satellite Dishes into Cuba
May 20, 2013
Revisiting "Operation Surf"
Tracey Eaton (alongthemalecon.com)
HAVANA TIMES — An Internet freedom activist linked to the smuggling of
satellite dishes to Cuba said he wouldn't feel safe going back to the
island "until the situation changes there."
"The security threats are real," Robert Guerra said Thursday. "It's very
important for democracy groups and others that are doing work there to
be very aware of the very nuanced security threats and issues that are
Guerra, the former director of the Internet Freedom Project at Freedom
House in Washington, D.C., declined to give details on the projects he
has carried out in Cuba.
"I wouldn't be in a position to talk about them right now," he said. "I
did some projects…I can say that I've been to the island, but I'm not
necessarily in a position to talk about it other than to say that Cuba's
a complex country in regards to digital activism."
Cuban authorities allege that Guerra took part in "Operation Surf,"
aimed at disguising satellite dishes as boogie boards and smuggling them
Guerra said, "I can't comment other than saying that if you're familiar
with the technology, it's ridiculous. It's just that satellite dishes
don't look like surf boards. I won't comment any further on that."
So was Guerra saying that the operation didn't take place – that no one
smuggled the satellite dishes to Cuba, as Cuban officials claimed in
March 2011 video?
"I have not seen the video, so I cannot comment on that," replied
Guerra, a founding director of Privaterra, which assists
non-governmental organizations with matters of data privacy, information
security and human rights.
The Cuban government's version of events is that a California man named
Barry Fink smuggled satellite dishes to Cuba as part of a U.S.
government-financed operation in 2008.
The satellite dishes wound up in the hands of a Cuban electronics
technician named Dalexi González Madruga.
González went to Cuban authorities with what he knew and became an
informant, nicknamed Agent Rául.
González said when he met Fink in 2008, Fink introduced himself with the
code words: "How's the surf in the south of France?"
González answered with the correct password and they got on with
business. Cuba's state-run Granma newspaper reported:
They headed for a minibus parked a few meters away, and Barry gave him
four satellite dishes, camouflaged as surf boards…
Fink, a commercial video producer based in Marina Del Rey, Calif.,
declined to talk about the supposed operation.
"I'm just not in a position to discuss it," he said Thursday. "I can't."
Asked if he had signed a confidentiality agreement, Fink said no, but
preferred not to comment.
"I do not think it would be appropriate."
Guerra is an expert on Internet freedom and cybersecurity, according to
his LinkedIn profile. Cuban officials allege that he acted as González's
Asked if he worried he could be arrested in Cuba, Guerra said he "took a
lot of care" to be discreet while on the island.
"I was in Cuba for a long period of time," he said. "You just expose
yourself to problems."
The working environment is challenging, he said.
"It's no different than the Cold War with the Russians," he said. "If
you're experienced, you can deal with it. If you're naive, it can be
more of a problem."
What does Guerra think of the plight of Alan Gross, the American
development worker jailed in Cuba in December 2009 while carrying out a
U.S. government-financed democracy program?
"I'm familiar with that case and I think one has to be aware of that,"
Gross is in a difficult spot, Guerra said, because the U.S. government
doesn't have diplomatic relations with Cuba, making it more difficult
for American officials to negotiate for his release.
Cuban officials contend that the Internet freedom activists smuggled the
satellite dishes into Cuba as part of a plan to set up an illegal
communications network in Cuba. They hoped to set up a mobile Internet
connection free from socialist government control.
"The internet works VERY RAPIDLY!" a technician told his Cuban contact
while describing the equipment. " …You may use Skype, Yahoo video +
voice… Next week we will be talking FOR FREE!"
Guerra said he hasn't been involved in any Cuba projects "for the last
couple of years," but imagines that democracy activists have changed
The Cuban government has loosened travel restrictions, making it easier
for such activists as Cuban blogger Yoani Sanchez to travel to and from
"Yoani, who would have thought many years ago that she would be on a
world tour?" Guerra asked. "Others can travel, as well. That changes the
dynamic. There's a lot that is changing on the island."