Tuesday, May 24, 2011

Why Students in Cuba Need Internet

Why Students in Cuba Need Internet
May 23, 2011
Graham Sowa

Last week a special article ran in Cuban papers titled "Cyberwar:
Access to the internet, subversion, or human rights". The more often I
read about the internet from the Cuban government perspective the more I
feel like we need to do a better job of explaining to them why the
internet is necessary. We cannot just rely on the usual complaints of
lack of access.

Explaining the importance of something to a person who never has used it
is a nearly futile task. Anyone who grew up with the internet and has
tried to explain it to a grandparent should know what I am talking
about. If there is no basis for understanding how the internet works,
and why it is important, people will continue to be frightened of it by
ambiguous terms such as "cyberwar" and "subversion".

Therefore, I'm going to try to defend an opening of the internet in Cuba
as a necessity for students. Even with all of its faults, an open and
universally accessible internet in Cuba is preferable to the status quo.

There are probably more additions and changes to medical knowledge in a
year than anyone could learn in a lifetime. We medical students have
six years to digest as much of this as possible. Access to information,
particularly contemporary information, is critical to our careers.

Most students use their limited internet access at the school (forty
minutes a week for each student, depending if you can talk your way in
for some extra time) for communication. We furiously upload email
attachments of letters home while copying and pasting messages from our
inbox into microsoft word documents to read later, off the clock.

Spending hours doing research on google scholar or PubMed is not an option.

The school does a fairly decent job of making their printed materials
available in digital format. We students also exchange videos,
textbooks, and other learning materials among ourselves. The ubiquitous
memory stick means that computer users in Cuba know that swapping
materials takes time and risks viruses.

Some of us have digital libraries that fill 500 gb hard drives. We
don't have access Wikipedia through the web, but we do posses downloaded
copies of the entire online encyclopedia in various languages. We are
humans, so of course we have adjusted to our environment in order to
meet our needs.

But none of this adjusting replaces the necessity of a continuously
updated and searchable world wide web. Not having internet makes
establishing the accuracy and validity of what we are reading a
veritable chore.

Besides the general use of a searchable database the internet also
offers specificity and depth found in focused academic studies published
in journals.

As students studying a scientific and social curriculum academic
journals are critically important to keeping knowledge contemporary and
research relevant.

These academic journals often cost money to access. Single articles can
cost 20-30 dollars. A university can pay hundreds of thousands or
millions of dollars a year to access databases of journals for their
staff and students.

So now we see how students in Cuba are sidelined in the global
communication revolution. Crossing the government barrier only leads to
a confrontation of a more insurmountable market barrier. But we are not
at an impasse.

Open access academic journals are gaining popularity. The Public
Library of Science allows full and free access to their peer reviewed
publications. The Database of Open Access Journals keeps a running
index of all journals that allow open access to anyone from anywhere.

Some newer journals, such as Health and Human Rights have taken it upon
themselves to publish a free online peer reviewed journal. In addition
to journal articles there are numberless podcasts, youtube videos,
websites, blogs, and online forums open to anyone with the means and
will to learn.

These are models for how academia should participate in the 21st
century. Students in Cuba should no longer be delayed the privilege.


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