Tuesday, November 18, 2014

Cuba and its Rapprochement with Europe

Cuba and its Rapprochement with Europe
November 17, 2014

From the common position to common sense
Martin Guevara

HAVANA TIMES — During my first years in Havana, I lived in the Habana
Libre hotel (the Havana Hilton before the revolution). Every morning, I
would head down to the mezzanine to have breakfast at a posh restaurant.
I would order a pair of fried eggs that came with thick slices of warm
ham beneath, and ask for a serving of fresh cheese on the side. I would
eat the eggs and put the ham and cheese inside the warm, buttered buns,
wrap everything in fine, white napkins and take this snack to school.

My classmates didn't have their breakfast at that restaurant, and the
vast majority hadn't tasted a bit of ham for years. I made a point of
making them relive the memories that had been tattooed in their

One afternoon, one of the "revolutionary comrades" from ICAP (the Cuban
Institute for Friendship with the Peoples) assigned to my family took
the time to explain to me that, in Cuba, the revolution sought to make
everyone equal, but that there was still work to be done and, for the
time being, those "outside the hotel" did not have the same quality of
life that the revolution was generously giving those "inside the hotel."

He suggested I cease taking the ham sandwiches to school, because the
kids could get the wrong idea.

At that moment, I realized the subversive nature of two of the things
that went missing and people missed the most in Cuba: ham and the truth.

That happened many springs ago, but Cuba's top leadership, twenty five
years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, continues to be exactly the
same today (with some small changes that the inexorable passage of time
has imposed upon them).

These days, it seems to want to rejuvenate itself, take on a kind of
modernization, and Cuban officials would have us see them as reformers,
dolling up the impoverished socio-economic reality of the island with
measures that do not even manage to alleviate the innumerable and
profound shortages the population endures.

In the more than fifty years since Cuban citizens were deprived of
sovereignty and the power to decide over their government, the Cuban
leadership is for the first time expressing the sincere desire of a
rapprochement with the United States and for the economic blockade and
Helms Burton sanctions to be lifted. With the same earnestness, they are
asking for softening of the terms of the EU Common Position and a
normalization of socio-economic relations with Europe.

The public harangues and querulous gibberish in light of the more than
predictable reaction of an economic bloc against which the revolution
acted proved nothing other than a smoke-screen for self-victimization, a
move that afforded the government the certainty of a people united
before the cruelty of an external enemy and the permanent threat it posed.

The cooling of relations with Europe and Sweden's position with respect
to the Cuban government's insistence on systematically violating human
rights and denying the people any participation in decisions that affect
their own future through votes, are, however, obstacles Cuba had not
anticipated and which entail more real inconveniences than any
advantages as a means of uniting the people before the "threat of evil."

Cuba is as capable as any other nation of maintaining the cordial
economic and cultural relations with all of the European Union it
desires, and the EU, given its historical ties to the island, is in fact
sympathetic to the country and desirous of that normalization of relations.

A number of basic conditions, however, must first be met. Without these,
Europe would not be the guarantor of the loftiest civic values, and of
progress and peaceful coexistence, that it has been for decades as the
compass of the Western world.

Cuba must let its population in on the game once and for all. It must
put an end to the repressive actions taken against the relatives of
those imprisoned during the Black Spring, who were released or forced to
leave the country (neither pardoned nor exonerated on lack of evidence,
but rather absolved), and against those who demonstrate, in exercise of
their legitimate right to demand other governmental options.

It must take such measures further in every sense and understand them as
yet another opportunity and not a nuisance it is forced to address
through pressure, not because the world demands it, but because it is
basic common sense in terms of survival.

The country needs to modernize itself and will require a competitive
working and middle class that is able to actively participate in
politics and democratic decision-making processes by electing their
representatives through free and direct votes. It must take human
rights, respect for differences, and the freedom of information,
publication, press and opinion seriously. It must allow and encourage
the freedom for political association within a democratic framework, on
the basis of modern and tolerant laws.

For the beginning of such conversations with Europe, Cuba should
consider the possibility of ceasing to resort to illusions as stand-ins
for the true freedoms the country needs and people long for or intuit
they would value if they could enjoy them. Ceasing to deceive in order
to present such eminent gifts as huge concessions, like the ham
derivatives I would take to school for my classmates.

Source: Cuba and its Rapprochement with Europe - Havana Times.org -

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