Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Is Obama contemplating unilateral action on Cuba?

Is Obama contemplating unilateral action on Cuba?
The Spanish foreign minister's recent statement that he would bring
'concrete messages' from the US government to Havana has some
Republicans speculating that President Obama is looking to move further
away from decades-old policy on Cuba.
By Howard LaFranchi, Staff writer NOVEMBER 25, 2014
Stringer/ReutersView Caption

WASHINGTON — Is President Obama about to take unilateral steps to ease
US relations with Cuba?

A number of recent developments – from Mr. Obama's recourse to executive
action on immigration to the Spanish foreign minister's enigmatic
statement that he would be carrying "very concrete messages" from the US
government when he visits Havana this week – have some Republicans
fretting that the White House aims to move even further from decades-old
policy of isolating communist Cuba.

Obama last took action on Cuba in 2011, when he eased travel
restrictions on Americans visiting the island. But a year ago in
Florida, he raised eyebrows – and the hopes of supporters about a new US
direction with Cuba – when he spoke of wanting "to continue to update
our policies."

It makes no sense, the president said, to continue with policies from
1961 "in the age of the Internet and Google and world travel."

Some advocates of liberalized relations with Cuba are pressing the
administration for concrete steps before April. That's when Obama is
slated to take part in the Summit of the Americas in Panama, which is
expected to be the first such hemispheric gathering to include Cuba.

In the past, the United States has vetoed Cuba's participation on the
grounds that the gathering is limited to the hemisphere's democracies,
but a number of countries have said they would not attend next year's
summit if Cuba were once again barred.

But supporters of the status quo on relations with Cuba counter that if
the US has stuck with policies from the 1960s – notably an embargo –
it's because the Castro regime that came to power in that era continues
today to deny the Cuban people the democratic governance and human
rights that most of the rest of the Western Hemisphere enjoys.

Last week Florida Republican Sen. Marco Rubio used a confirmation
hearing for Antony Blinken, Obama's deputy national security adviser and
his choice to become deputy secretary of State, to grill Mr. Blinken
about "chatter" in Washington that Obama intends to make "unilateral
change" on US-Cuba policy.

Ending the embargo would require congressional action, but there are
other steps the president could take to redirect US policy on Cuba.

After several attempts to get Blinken to rule out executive action on
Cuba, Senator Rubio said, "The thing that concerns me is that I haven't
heard you say point-blank that, absent democratic openings, we're not
going to see actions on the part of this administration to weaken the
current embargo and sanctions on Cuba."

In response, Blinken said Obama has ideas on how to "help Cuba move in a
democratic direction," and he added, "If [Obama] has an opportunity, I'm
sure that's something he would want to pursue." But he emphasized that
"it depends on Cuba and the actions that they take."

One action the administration is looking for is the release of US aid
worker Alan Gross, who has been imprisoned in Cuba since December 2009
for bringing satellite phones and computer equipment into Cuba without a
permit. Mr. Gross was handed a 15-year sentence in 2011 after being
found guilty of "acts against the state" for his role in US efforts to
set up a communications network in Cuba free of government control.

Speculation has swirled in Washington over the past week that the
Spanish foreign minister, José Manuel García-Margallo, could be
delivering to officials in Havana this week a list of actions the US
could take if the impediment of Gross's incarceration were out of the way.

On Monday at the State Department, spokesman Jeff Rathke was asked at
the daily press briefing what Mr. García-Margallo was referring to when
he spoke of having "very concrete messages" from the US government to
take to Cuban officials.

"I have nothing to confirm about that," Mr. Rathke responded.

Source: Is Obama contemplating unilateral action on Cuba? - -

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